What Does a Security Guard Do? | Safety & Security

What Does a Security Guard Do?

Safety & Security
A security guard is someone who patrols and inspects property against fire, theft, vandalism, and illegal activity. They monitor people and buildings in an effort to prevent crime and maintain a peaceful environment.

Security guards typically do the following:

  • Protect and enforce laws on an employer’s property
    • Monitor alarms and closed-circuit TV cameras
    • Control access for employees, visitors, and outside contractors
    • Conduct security checks over a specified area
    • Write comprehensive reports outlining what they observed while on patrol
    • Interview witnesses for later court testimony
    • Detain criminal violators

Guards must remain alert, looking for anything out of the ordinary throughout their shift. In an emergency, guards may call for assistance from police, fire, or ambulance services. Some security guards may be armed.

A security guard’s job responsibilities vary from one employer to another:

  • In retail stores, guards protect people, records, merchandise, money, and equipment. They may work with undercover store detectives to prevent theft by customers or employees, detain shoplifting suspects until the police arrive, or patrol parking lots.
  • In office buildings, banks, hotels, and hospitals, guards maintain order and protect the organization’s customers, staff, and property.
  • In museums or art galleries, guards protect paintings and exhibits by watching people and inspecting packages entering and leaving the building.

  • In factories, government buildings, security guards also protect information and products and check the credentials of people and vehicles entering and leaving the premises.
  • At universities, in parks, and at sports stadiums, guards do crowd control, supervise parking and seating, and direct traffic.
  •  Some guards work as transportation security screeners protect people, transportation equipment, and freight at airports, train stations, and other transportation facilities.

Security Guard’s Work Environment
Security guards work in a wide variety of environments, including public buildings, retail stores, and office buildings. Security surveillance officers do most of their work in observation rooms, using audio and video equipment.

Most security guards spend considerable time on their feet, either assigned to a specific post or and grounds. Some may sit behind a counter or in a guardhouse at the entrance to a gated facility or community. Some security guards work as reaction teams, ready to respond to any triggered alarms or any form of breach within their areas of deployment. Security guards also provide surveillance around the clock by working shifts of eight hours or longer with rotating schedules.

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